FFT applied to two similar – stationary (upper left, a.) and nonstationary (lower left, b.) signals gives dramatically different results (right, c. and d.), while application of Higuchi's algorithm gives quite similar values of average fractal dimension, D
, of both signals. The stationary signal was composed of five harmonic waves of different frequencies, and then randomly chosen small segments were removed from that stationary signal, so forming a nonstationary signal that when decomposed using Fourier leads to a very 'rich' spectrum of frequencies. Routine artefacts’ correction in EEG-signals may lead to similar unreliable cases.